The course of Classical Archaeology includes a brief but comprehensive study of ancient Greek culture, and its evolution from Geometric to Roman times.
The Geometric period: the social context, architecture and building techniques, the settlements, the plastic arts and the pottery (its centres of production and styles)
The Archaic period: the social and political context; the architecture: typical 7th century temples, the Greek architectural orders and building techniques.
The Orientalizing style: the sculpture of 7th century BC, the Daedalic style, seated figures, kouroi, korai; Early Corinthian and Proto-Attic pottery, typology of Greek vase shapes and painting styles.
The 6th century BC: Sculpture: korai and kouroi; Archaic architectural sculptures, funerary architecture and grave stelae. Pottery and vase-painting – Black-Figure pottery, the Attic workshop, Black-Figure Vase Painters; Attic Red-Figure pottery, the Early Archaic Red-Figure style, the pioneers, and the Late Archaic Red-Figure style.
The Early Classical period: The Severe style of sculpture, male and female figures, architectural sculptures; Early Classical Attic Red-Figure pottery and painters, Early Free-style Red-Figure.
Late Classical period: the social and political context; Late Classical architecture; and sculpture: Pheidias, the Parthenon Sculptures, Pheidias’ works, and that of his students. Late Classical vase-painting: Free- and Rich- Red-Figure styles.
4th century BC: sculpture: the pioneers, funerary architecture and grave stelae; vase-painting, wall painting and mosaics.
The Hellenistic period: the social and political context; architecture, sculpture, pottery shapes and painting, wall painting, and mosaics.
The Roman period: a general review.
Where appropriate, mention is made of matters concerning the conservation of ceramics and / or the restoration of sculptures, through the material recovered from major excavations, such as Olympia and Delphi.
The Scope of the Course and Objectives
The course of Classical Archaeology includes a brief but in-depth overview of the salient facts of ancient Greek civilization from the Geometric period to the Roman era. Focusing on the material remains of historical times, it deals in some detail with objects of all categories that potential conservators require to know about as sources of historical and cultural information. The purpose of the course is to familiarize students with the Archaeology and the Arts of the Classical period, as well as with the terminology used in the description and analysis of objects for each period. A key objective is also to instill the ability to identify, describe, analyze and place an object in its time-frame, based on archaeological, iconographic and stylistic criteria.
Upon the successful completion of the course, the student will be able to:
- Recognise the basic features of ancient Greek culture and to interpret the material remains;
- Employ the scientific terminology in describing objects and monuments, to identify materials and construction techniques, decoration, figurative representations and styles and thus to assign objects to their period, as well as understanding their role in the appropriate cultural and the social context. All in all, the student will be able to work out the identity of objects and monuments;
- to approach the objects with due respect and a sense of responsibility.