Prehιstoric And Classical Archaeology

Course Code:

Π1 1010


1st Semester

Specialization Category:

Required ( ΜΓΥ )

Course Hours:





Course Theory

The subject of Prehistoric Archaeology of the Aegean includes consideration of data and the Prehistory and the Proto-history of the Aegean, from the Paleolithic era to the late Bronze Age. Specifically, with regard to the Paleolithic era in the Aegean the positions, caves, habitation sites, burials, the stone industry and the art of the era, rock art, figurines, etc. are examined. the Neolithic era is then studied: the residential status, the buildings, the geographical positions in the Aegean, the burial customs. Emphasis is given on techniques and products such as figurines, pottery, decoration and production of containers, the form typology. Accordingly, the archaeological evidence of the civilization of the Bronze Age Aegean is examined: the Early Hellenic, Cycladic culture and Prepalatial: settlements and dwellings, burial customs, pottery, patterns and techniques of decorative metalwork, decoration, mikroplastiki, figurines, construction techniques and interpretation issues. The Middle Helladic and Old mid-Cycladic period: major sites, residential, architecture, burial customs, pottery, microsculpture, metalwork, seals. The Late Bronze Age in the Aegean: Neopalatial period: the edge of the Minoan culture, architecture, new palaces, burial customs. The arts and their products: ceramics, decorative styles, seals, metalwork, ivory, paintings, frescoes and technical construction issues related to the conservation history of the murals. – The Late Cycladic period: historical context, the eruption of the Thera volcano; the theory of S. Marinatos and modern views. The material culture: housing and urban planning, arts and products: the murals, agenda, issues of conservation and restoration, pottery, figures and decorations, other categories of objects. – The Late period, the Mycenaean civilization: the sources of Mycenaean history, the history of research, residential palaces, building and decorating techniques, fortifications and citadels, funerary architecture and burial customs. The arts: ceramics, shape and decoration, metalwork, armory, porcelain, stone and ivory vases, figurines. Painting: pottery, murals and construction technique; interpretation issues. – AS the course aims at students of conservation, focus is mainly given in the archaeological material itself, in the techniques, on technology issues, in the preservation status or the conservation of items. – The discipline of Classical Archaeology includes the study of ancient Greek civilization from the Geometric to the Roman era. Specifically, regarding the Geometric period, the social context, the buildings and building techniques, the plastics, ceramics and the geometric pottery and angiography centers are examined. The characteristics of the Archaic period, the architecture, the temples of the 7th century BC, the Greek architectural styles and building techniques are examined. The art of the ‘Oriental’ period: the plastic of the 7th century BC, the great Daedalic plastic, the type of the kori and kouros; the ceramic Protocorinthian angiography, the Proto-ceramic vase. – The art of the 6th century BC: the rules of archaic plastic, the plastic of the 6th century BC, kouroi and kores of the 6th century; ancient architectural sculptures, tombstone plastic of the 6th century. The ceramic-vase of the 6th, the black-figure vase, representatives, Attic red-figure vases, the pioneers. – Early Classical era: the plastic of the Austere Style, male and female styles of tight rhythm, architectural sculptures, Attic Red pottery of the Early Classic period. – Mature and Late Classic era: social and political context, the architecture of mature and late Classical period, mature Classical Sculpture: Phidias, the Parthenon sculptures, works of Phidias, the students. – Angiography of the mature classical years: the free or ‘pretty’ style; the rich style of the red pottery. – Sculpture of the 4th century BC: The pioneers, funerary sculpture. – Angiography of the 4th century BC, the great painting, mosaics of the 4th century BC – Hellenistic period: social and political context, architecture, sculpture, ceramics, pottery, the great painting; the mosaics of the Hellenistic era. – The Roman period: a general examination of the characteristics of the era. – Depending on the case, referring to maintenance issues of pottery or sculpture conservation and restoration through the material for publications large excavations, such as Olympia and Delphi.


The Scope of the Course: It is the familiarity of future conservators with the science of Archaeology and the Prehistoric Archaeology of the Aegean in particular through the examination of archaeological material for Aegean Prehistory, the student acquires the knowledge required for the Aegean culture and products. The approach issues from technical, technology or service objects and monuments of prehistory is one of the main objectives of the subject of Prehistoric Archaeology of the Aegean. It is also to understand the students to the world of Classical Antiquity through a brief but comprehensive examination of ancient Greek civilization and its evolution from the Geometric to the Roman era.

Course objectives: Is to familiarize students with the arts of the classical period and its products in order to be able to reach the ancient artifacts in order to preserve them.

The language of evaluation is Greek

Written exams (100%):
• Open-ended questions
• Multiple-choice questionnaires
• Short-answer questions

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