Conservation of Panel Paintings (B’)

Course Code:

Π1 7020Β


7th Semester

Specialization Category:

Elective ( ΜΕ )

Course Hours:




Course Description

Course Theory

Introduction to panel paintings (any painted work of art on hardboard panel). Construction methods and materials: crossbeams, panel board/s, primer layers, gilding, paint layers, coatings (varnishes). Damage morphology: injury and decay types across stratigraphy of panel paintings. Influence of environmental and biological factors, improper construction, mistreatments, recent conservation treatments in the current preservation state of panel paintings. Treatments and conservation materials. Conservation and/or restoration of crossbeams and panel board/s, disinfection, disinfestation, consolidation, repletion techniques / consolidation of primer, gilding and paint layers. Selective removal of soiling, degraded varnishes and overpaints with organic solvents, buffered solutions, surfactants, soaps, detergents, chelates, enzymes in the form of liquid solutions, gels and emulsions. Laser cleaning techniques. Retouching. Detachment methods of painted surfaces from panel boards, separation techniques of valuable overpaints from older painted surface.

Course Practicals

The laboratory part of the course includes exercises for: documentation of the preservation state of panel paintings; surveying different types of injury / decay; state-of-the-art conservation applications for panel paintings including: disinfection and disinfestation of the wooden parts (crossbeams and panel boards); consolidation and repletion of wooden parts; consolidation of primer, gilding and paint layers; selective removal of particle soils, soot and stains of wax, limewash, insect excretion and diffused rust scrapings of metal studs; selective removal of coatings; selective removal of overpaints; detachment of painted surfaces from decayed panels; separation of valuable overpaints from older painted surface; and retouching of the painted surface. – Panel paintings are provided to the students in order to apply conservation techniques, as taught throughout the course.

Expected Learning Outcomes

Students should be able to:

Distinguish injuries and deteriorations to the components in the sublayers across the stratigraphy of panel paintings.

Document, compile and propose a conservation program for panel paintings

Set the standards for the selection of materials and methods for all treatements required and to design a conservation methodology.

Select, document and execute a conservation or restoration application on panel paintings.

Propose the optimum procedure for the separation of a painted surface from an older paint and/or from the panel board/s.

Understand the grounds and assess the results after the conservation of a panel painting.

The Scope of the Course and Objectives

The Scope of the Course:

To provide students the specialization of panel painting conservation.

Course objectives:

The training of students on methods of preservation and conservation of panel paintings.

Language of evaluation: Greek (English for Erasmus students).

The student’s final grade results from 50% of the grade of the theoretical part and 50% of the grade of laboratory practice.
Students’ evaluation (100%):
THEORY (50%): written examination with a mixed questionnaire (open-ended & multiple choice questions).
LAB PRACTICES (50%): Evaluation of the submitted technical reports & inter-course performance evaluation.
The instructions for the compilation of technical reports are posted in the e-class of the course.

Greek :
1. Διονύσιος εκ Φουρνά, 1997, Ερμηνεία της ζωγραφικής τέχνης, επανέκδοση Κ. Σπανός, Αθήνα.
2. Καλοκύρης Λ., 1998, Η ζωγραφική της ορθοδοξίας, εκδόσεις Πουρναράς, Θεσσαλονίκη.
3. Λαζίδου Δ., Δροσάκη Δ., 2008, Εγχειρίδιο συντήρησης εικόνων, έκδοση Μουσείου Βυζαντινού Πολιτισμού, Θεσσαλονίκη.
4. Lossky V., 2007, Η μυστική θεολογία της ανατολικής εκκλησίας, Αθήνα.
5. Μιλάνου Κ., Βουρβοπούλου Χ., Βρανοπούλου Λ. και Καλλιγά Α. (επιμ.), 2008, Εικόνες με την υπογραφή «Χειρ Αγγέλου», έκδοση Μουσείου Μπενάκη, Αθήνα.
6. Μιχελής Π., 2001, Η αισθητική θεώρηση της βυζαντινής τέχνης, έκδοση: Ίδρυμα Π. και Ε. Μιχελή, Αθήνα.
7. Ουσπένσκυ Λ., 1998, Η Θεολογία της εικόνας στην ορθόδοξη εκκλησία, μετάφραση Σ. Μαρίνης, εκδόσεις Αρμός, Αθήνα.
8. Thompson D.V., 1998, Τα υλικά και οι τεχνικές της μεσαιωνικής ζωγραφικής, μετάφραση Α. Σπανός, εκδόσεις Αρμός, Αθήνα.
9. Τσουμής Γ. Θ., 2009, Επιστήμη και τεχνολογία του ξύλου (2 τόμοι), εκδόσεις Γαρταγάνη, Θεσσαλονίκη.
1. Angelova L., Ormsby B., Townsend J. H., Wolbers R., 2017, Gels in the conservation of art, Archetype, London.
2. Bomford D., Leonard M., (επιμ.), 2004, Issues in the Conservation of Paintings, Getty Conservation Institute Los Angeles.
3. Cennini C., 2015, Il Libro Dell’Arte, μετάφραση-σχόλια: L. Broecke, Archetype, Λονδίνο.
4. Dardes K., Rothe A. (επιμ.), 1998, The structural conservation of panel paintings, έκδοση Getty Conservation Institute, Los Angeles.
5. Knut N., 1999, The Restoration of Paintings, εκδόσεις Könemann, Cologne.
6. Stoner J. H., Rushfield R. (επιμ.), 2012, Conservation of easel paintings, εκδόσεις Routledge, London-New York.
7. Wolbers R., 2000, Cleaning Painted Surfaces: Aqueous Methods, εκδόσεις Archetype, London.

– Journals:
1. Studies in Conservation, Taylor & Francis.
2. Journal of the American Institute of Conservation, Taylor & Francis.
3. Journal of Cultural Heritage, Elsevier.
4. Archaeometry, Willey.
5. International Journal of Conservation Science, Romanian Inventors Forum.
6. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, Springer.