Copy-Making Of Sculptures

Course Code:

Π1 4020


4th Semester

Specialization Category:


Course Hours:




Course Tutors

Leonidas Karampinis

Course Description

The aim of the course is for the students to understand the basic principles and positions of traditional but also modern sculptural art through theoretical and practical approaches, in order to get to know important values that govern this particular art such as composition, form, plasticity, dimensions, materials and techniques.

The aim of the course is to familiarize students with the process of sculptural creation, to impart the necessary technical knowledge for the faithful and safe copying of sculptural works using molds and casts, so that they understand the principles governing 3D recording and copying.

The course aims to develop manipulative skills and familiarize students with a range of materials, tools and methods used in both copying and restoring lost parts of sculptures, reliefs and decorative elements using the help and documentation of surviving parts.

The course also introduces and mentions the new technologies of digital 3D printing of sculptures, as this constantly evolving technology can be a helpful element in the creation, restoration, but also in the highlighting and promotion of 3D works of culture.

Course objectives

After the end of the course, students will be able to:

-To know the use of various materials per era in traditional and contemporary sculptural art.

-To understand the range of techniques required for the construction and future restoration of sculptural works.

-To know the traditional copying methods of sculptural art -To grasp the various methods of enlarging and reducing from original works.

-To be familiar with the use of traditional and modern tools.

-To acquire the knowledge of the evolving new digital 3D technology in the field of copy printing and sculpture creation.



Language of evaluation: Greek (English for Erasmus students).

Students’ evaluation (100%): Students are evaluated by their laboratory work result (copies of sculptures)




Μυκονιάτης Η., Η Νεοελληνική Γλυπτική, ΕΚΔΟΤΙΚΗ ΑΘΗΝΩΝ, Αθήνα, 1998

Σώτας Δ., Εκμάγευση και αναπαραγωγή, εκδ. Λευκό μελάνι, Αθήνα, 2018.


Townsend J. & Zettle-Sterling R., 2017, Cast: Art and Objects Made Using Humanity’s Most Transformational Process, Schiffer Publishing, Ltd. | 4880 Lower Valley Road, Atglen, Pennsylvania19310 Pascal ROSIER, Le Moulage, Dessain et tolra, Paris, 1998 Ministere de la Culture, La Sculpture, Methode et Vocabulaire, Paris, Imprimerie Nationale, 1997. Thurston J., The Prop Builder’s Molding & Casting Handbook, Betterway Books, 1989. Brooks N., Mouldmaking and casting, The Crowood Press Ltd, Rambury United Kingdom, 2005. Hornor A., Modeller’s Guide to Mouldmaking and resin casting, Swordworks Books, Newport United Kingdom, 2010. Di Giuseppantonio Di Franco, P., Galeazzi, F., & Vassallo, V. (2018). Authenticity and cultural heritage in the age of 3D digital reproductions. [Book]. C. Sakellariou, D. Makris, L. Karampinis, (2022). “A Digital Study of the Morphological and Stability Issues of a Delicate Wax-based Artwork”. Studies in Conservation, DOI: 10.1080/00393630.2022.2049031 Vlachou M.A., Makris D., Karampinis L. (2019). “Vandalized Frescoes’ Virtual Retouching”. In: Moropou-lou A., Korres M., Georgopoulos A., Spyrakos C., Mouzakis C. (eds) Transdisciplinary Multispectral Model-ing and Cooperation for the Preservation of Cultural Heritage. TMM_CH 2018. Communications in Com-puter and Information Science, vol 961. Springer, Cham. Print ISBN 978-3-030-12956-9 Online ISBN 978-3-030-12957-6, DOI