General Physics

Course Code:

Π1 1020


1st Semester

Specialization Category:

Required ( ΜΓΥ )

Course Hours:




Course Tutors

Yorgos Facorellis

Course Description

Course Theory

1: Electromagnetic spectrum, Electromagnetic radiation. Qualitative and quantitative characteristics (intensity, frequency, power and wavelength). Categories of electromagnetic radiation (UV, VIS, IR, X-rays). 2: Reflection (specular, diffuse) scattering – Diffusion (Mie’s Law, Rayleigh’s Law), transmittance (T), optical density, fluorescence, refraction, diffraction, polarization of light. 3: Absorption and emission spectra of gases; X-ray emission spectra 4: radioactivity; elements of nuclear physics. 5: optical lenses and their aberrations; magnification, resolution, optical filters, optical density. 6: Physical properties of fluids (viscosity, surface tension, refractive index). 7: Physics of the solid state: strain of materials in response to stress; an introduction to elastic, thermal, plastic and viscoelastic behavior; creep, fracture and fatigue.

Course Practicals

General rules of the laboratory method of writing lab report, units of measurements (energy, radiation, radioactivity). Physical constants, measurements and types of experimental errors; absolute and relative error; statistical processing of measurements; standard deviation; graphs; method of least squares; mechanical and optical properties of materials (index of refraction, diffraction, polarization, etc.), Viscosity, surface tension.


The Scope of the Course and Objectives

The Scope of the Course

To understand the various physical concepts for the study of natural phenomena and interpretation of art materials and methods of maintenance to be able to understand the operating principle of the various methods used in diagnosis and maintenance of works of art and archaeological objects and to familiarize themselves with physical measurements.

Course objectives

To acquire the basic knowledge and skills.

The language of evaluation is Greek
The student’s final grade results from 50% of the grade of the theoretical part and 50% of the grade of laboratory practice.

Theory (50%): Written assessment in Greek
Laboratory Practice (50%): Assessment with written tasks

Greek and translated in Greek
R.A. Serway, Physics for Scientists and Engineers, τόμοι I και III, μετάφραση στα Eλληνικά και έκδοση από το Λ. Pεσβάνη, (1990)
H. D. Young, Πανεπιστημιακή Φυσική, τόμος I, Eκδόσεις Παπαζήση, (1994)
Σπυριδέλλης – Καμπάς, Γεωμετρική Οπτική – Εφαρμογές, Εκδ. Γιαχούλη
Ασκήσεις και Προβλήματα Φυσικής, Επιμέλεια ομάδας πανεπιστημιακών. Εκδόσεις Παπαζήση
D. Halliday, R. Resnick, Φυσική, Μέρος Α, Μετφ. Πνευματικός-Πεπονίδης, Επιστημονικές και Τεχνικές Εκδόσεις Γ.Α. Πλευματικού, 1976
P.G. Hewitt, Oι Έννοιες της Φυσικής, τόμος I, Πανεπιστημιακές εκδόσεις Kρήτης, (1992)
Ζευγώλης Δ., Εφαρμοσμένη Οπτική, 3η Έκδοση,. 3η έκδοση, Εκδόσεις Τζιόλα, 2016

M. Alonso, E.J. Finn, Fundamental University Physics, Vol. I, Mechanics and Thermodynamics
R.P. Feynman, R.B. Leighton, M. Sands, The Feynman Lectures on Physics, τόμος I, Addison-Wesley, (1963).
Introductory Nuclear Physics SSM Wong Wiley Interscience ISBN 0471239739