History of Technology

Course Code:

Π1 5070Β

Semester:

5th Semester

Specialization Category:

Elective ( ΜΕΥ )

Course Hours:

2

ECTS:

2

Course Tutors

Eleni Kanetaki

COURSE DESCRIPTION

Course Theory

Τhe course focuses on the history and development of technology, and especially on its impact on applied science and human civilization. Among the topics to discuss, are issues related to the objects of cultural heritage, as well as to the process of their production.

Furthermore, the course analyzes topics related to the thematic fields of the technological evolution encountered in numerous regions and chronological periods, and to the spreading of their technological achievements through the cultural exchanges:

  1. Major first technologies related to the primitive human survival, hunting, and food preparation. Use of stone tools and weapons, fire, and clothing,
  2. Ore processing technology (Mining and Metallurgy),
  3. Fortification works,
  4. Hydraulic works,
  5. Shipbuilding technology & Navigation from the Mycenaean era, to the Bronze Age and later to the Classical era,
  6. Building technology (constructions, lifting machines of the Ancient Greeks, Architecture of ancient Greek temples, etc),
  7. Measuring instruments of space and time, tools and machines of the Ancient Greeks,
  8. Military / siege technology,
  9. “Automatic machines” of the Hellenistic period, engineering inventions and improvements to existing technology, mechanical technology 
  10. Technology of Roman times (with emphasis on Architecture – materials, construction techniques, covering large spaces, vaulting, advanced stone masonry technology, advanced road-building, water management, military engineering, civil engineering, calculation of the year calendar, numbering, etc).
  11. Technological discoveries of Byzantine times (Byzantine ports, Byzantine urban planning, etc.

Course Practicals

N/A

 

THE SCOPE OF THE COURSE AND OBJECTIVES

The Scope of the Course: The aim of the course: to familiarize students with the history and development of technology, as well as with its impact on applied science and human civilization. Emphasis will be given especially to the objects of cultural heritage and art.

To help students be able to recognize the different kinds of stone, metals and ceramics, to identify the methods of construction by studying the particular characteristics of each method, to know the different tools and their use in the elaboration of the material.

To bring students closer to the Ancient Greek technology, and to help them discover the numerous technological interventions that were achieved.

To enable students into acquiring the knowledge regarding the evolution of the human technological activities related to his cultural development.

Also, the History of Technology aims to foster students’ technological sensibility towards the works of applied science and art.

 Course objectives: The conservation of cultural heritage artifacts requires the knowledge of the technological developments through the human history. This knowledge can form the necessary background for the right approach addressing the cultural heritage artifact.

Course Outline

Course Description
Τhe course focuses on the history and development of technology, and especially on its impact on applied science and human civilization. Among the topics to discuss, are issues related to cultural heritage artifacts and works of art, as well as to the process of their making/development.
Furthermore, the course analyzes topics related to the thematic fields of the technological evolution encountered in numerous regions & chronological periods, and to the spreading of their technological achievements through cultural exchanges:
Thematic fields (13 teaching weeks)
1. Major first technologies related to the primitive human survival, hunting and food preparation. Use of stone tools and weapons, fire, and clothing,
2. Ore processing technology (Mining and Metallurgy),
3. Fortification works,
4. Hydraulic works,
5. Τechnology applied in the making of ancient marble statues (kouroi-korai) and techniques of casting the ancient bronze statues,
6. Shipbuilding technology & Navigation in the Mediterranean from the Mycenaean era, to the Bronze Age and later to the Classical era,
7. Building technology (constructions, lifting and hoisting machines of the Ancient Greeks, pumps, Architecture of ancient Greek temples, etc),
8. Measuring and calculating devices of space and time, tools and machines of the Ancient Greeks,
9. Military / siege technology (Weaponry: defensive and offensive weapons, military equipment),
10. “Automatic machines” of the Hellenistic period (Automata and intelligent machines), engineering inventions and improvements to existing technology, mechanical technology
11. Technology of Roman times (with emphasis on Architecture – materials, construction techniques, covering large spaces, vaulting, advanced stone masonry technology, advanced road-building, water management, military engineering, civil engineering, calculation of the year calendar, numbering, etc).
12. Technological discoveries of Byzantine times (Byzantine ports, cartography, Byzantine urban planning, building construction technology and dome construction etc.
13. Final submission of students’ assignments, oral presentation and grading.