Stone Conservation (A’)

Course Code:

Π1 6010Α


6th Semester

Specialization Category:

Elective ( ΜΕ )

Course Hours:




Course Description

Course Theory

The course initially outlines geological and mineralogical data on the stones, the main structural material of monuments and sculptures as well as ways of mining, transport, building, and carving from ancient times until today. Then it outlines an extensive[g1]  forms of erosion of these rocks from factors such as humidity, air pollution, organic deposits, temperature changes and previous conservation treatments. Followed by cases of conservation and restoration of stone monuments and works of art and describing conservation process such as analysis of building materials in monuments, cleaning of surfaces, consolidation of surfaces, gluing of broken parts , gap filling of the missing areas, and overall aesthetic restoration of the monument or object.

Course Practicals

The laboratory part of the course  presents and analyzes  the mineralogical features of rocks, as well as applying this knowledge using real case studies on objects and monuments. It also describes procedures, such as tests of structural materials of the monuments, cleaning of surfaces, consolidation of surfaces, gluing of broken pieces, gap filling of missing parts, as well as the entire aesthetic restoration of the monument or object

Expected Learning Outcomes

After the completion of the course, students will be in a position to have the following skills and knowledge:

Know the basic characteristics and properties of the material.

Be aware of the use of sculpture and architecture.

Be aware of the pathology and mechanisms of erosion of the stone monuments.

Know the methods and techniques of conservation for stone when used for sculpture or as a basic building material.


The Scope of the Course and Objectives

The Scope of the Course

Students should be able to understand the concept of geological and mineralogical data in relation to the basic structural materials for monuments and sculptures, the mechanisms of weathering of the stones under various environmental conditions, methods of conservation and restoration of stone monuments and sculptures

Course objectives

To acquire skills in relation to the conservation and restoration of stone monuments and works of art with applications to real objects.

STUDENT ASSESSMENT Language of evaluation: Greek (English for Erasmus students).

The student’s final grade results from 50% of the grade of the theoretical part and 50% of the grade of laboratory practice.

Students’ evaluation (100%): THEORY (50%): Written examination LAB PRACTICES (50%): Oral examination and laboratory work



1. Θεουλάκης, Π., 1995. Ναός Επικουρίου Απόλλωνος Βασσών. Μελέτη Συντηρήσεως του δομικού υλικού. Υπουργείου Πολιτισμού 2. Σκουλικίδης, Θ. 2002. Μέθοδοι Συντήρησης του Πεντελικού Μαρμάρου. Υπουργείο Πολιτισμού, Επιτροπή Συντηρήσεως Μνημείων Ακροπόλεως 3. Σκουλικίδης Θ.Ν. (2000) Διάβρωση Και Συντήρηση Των Δομικών Υλικών Των Μνημείων. Πανεπιστημιακές Εκδόσεις Κρήτης 4. Β. Ν. Λαμπρόπουλος, Διάβρωση και συντήρηση της Πέτρας, Αθήνα, 1992 5. Amoroso G., Fasina V., Stone Decay and Conservation, ed. Elsevier, 1983 6. Cronyn J.M., The elements of Archaeological Conservation, ed. Routledge, London, New York, 1990 7. Watt D., Building Pathology, Principles & Practice, ed. Blachwell Science Ltd London, 1999 8. Torraca G., Porous Building Materials, Materials Science for Architectural Conservation, 2nd ed. ICCROM, Rome, 1982 9. Pearson C., Conservation of Marine Archaeological Objects, ed. Butterworths, 1987 10. Domaslowski W., La Conservation Preventive de la Pierre, UNESCO, 1979-80 11. Lazzarini L., La Pulitura dei Materiali Lapidei da Construzione e Scultura – Metodi Industriali e di Restauro, ed. Casa Editrice Dott. Antonio Milani, Padova, 1981 12. Ashurst and Dimes. Conservation of building and decorative stone. Elsevier, 1998.