The course aims at the analysis of the architectural surveying techniques and the consequent documentation, with the use of relevant instruments applied in the methodology of the recording actions. The basic conventional/analogue and digital techniques are offered, combined with design and representation means, aiming to document the objects of cultural heritage in full and accurate detail.Students are requested to select objects of art from the Athenian archaeological sites and from other museums, to elaborate their photographic documentation and to proceed in the survey of the structure and the pathology of the materials. The use of ICT is also suggested in order to capture the digital model of objects and monuments by practising Photogrammetry and modern software that can produce high-precision 3D models.
The Scope of the Course and Objectives
The Scope of the Course
The aim of the course:
to familiarize students with the architectural surveying techniques and tools applied, in regards to the documentation of architectural buildings and the cultural heritage artifacts.
To enable students to record the pathology of the materials and the eventual deterioration of works of art, to identify the particular structural deformations of each object, to document the structural members and the works of art by means of different tools and variable building survey methods, to analyze the technical functionality of the surveying instruments, either the conventional/analogue ones or the digital ones (i.e. tachymeter, laser scanner) and to become familiar with the measuring principles in general.
The Analogue and Digital Documentation Techniques of cultural heritage artifacts provide the knowledge of the structural pathology in both buildings and objects of art. This knowledge can form the necessary background for the right approach addressing the conservation of cultural heritage artifacts. Students are also introduced to methods for historical analysis and archival research, scientific-paper writing and the different possibilities offered by analogue and/or digital presentation.
Students will become familiar with the object to be documented, but also with the instruments, which will be used for the geometrical survey.
The course aims in the analysis of the measuring survey techniques, as well as in the documentation of artifacts and archaeological findings, by means of either analogue techniques, or with the use of specialized equipment, and also in the methodology to be followed during the measuring process.
In addition, it includes an introduction to the basic analogue and digital techniques and drafting means, to the 2dimentional drafting and representation of relevant details, as well to the photographic documentation and modeling of the artifacts and works of archaeological findings.
Consequently, the use of Information and Communication Technologies is applied for the survey and digital modeling of works of art and buildings, by means of relevant software, aiming to the measuring survey and the documentation of objects and monuments.
Relevant terms and methodologies, such as the digital documentation and the creation of a 2 dimensional model through computer aided software, are also included.
Students select an object presenting cultural interest (approximately 20-30 cm in scale 1:1) with relevant decay and an object-archaeological finding, located in various archaeological sites, in the National Archaeological Museums of Athens and other Museums. The relevant material is provided to students, forming a wide selection of various Classical period marble burial tombstones, depicting noticeable deformations in the overall shape of the tombstone, as well as in the depiction of the human figures, which are presented.
Τhe selected assignments’ topics include the knowledge and creation of combining digital environment, and the elaboration of digital models.
Application of computer aided software for the measuring survey documentation through related assignments.
Thematic fields (13 teaching weeks)
1. Αrchitectural – drafting measuring survey. Methodology applied, tools, case studies.
2. Lecture on the importance of sketching / drafting techniques during the measuring survey. Case studies.
3. Presentation of the 1st assignment. Selection of related objects. Individual student work.
4. Lecture on the design process as a working tool for the representation and data recording. Case studies.
5. Revision of assignments. Evaluation and grading.
6. Lecture on the submitted material at a comparative basis.
7. Presentation of the 2nd assignment. Selection of related archaeological artifacts. Individual student work.
8. Revision of Αassignments. Documentation of the decay and the overall deformation.
9. Α Revision of assignments. Evaluation and grading.
10. Presentation of the 3nd assignment. Lecture on the downloading and use of the computer aided drawing software.
11. Elaboration of the 2nd assignment by means of CAD. Revision of assignments.
12. Elaboration of the 2nd assignment by means of CAD. Revision of assignments.
13. Final submission and grading.