Special Topics in Digitization & Modeling

Course Code:

Π1 4080


4th Semester

Course Hours:




Course Tutors

Dimitrios C. Makris

Course Description

The aim of the course is to provide documented knowledge about the capabilities of 3D modeling as a receptor of multimodal knowledge necessary for the various stages of Conservation. Demonstrate its great contribution to decision-making processes in restoration. The course focuses on basic processes of optimizing the information background of 3D models, through the integration of metadata to adapt and apply them in 3D documentation.

The following issues are addressed:

  • Special applications for post-processing 3D models.
  • Extract and reuse applications of geometric / color information from the 3D model.
  • Utilization of 3D documentation methodologies.
  • Applications of simulation of static behavior of cultural items.
  • Integration and utilization of 3D digitization in Historic Building Information Modeling environments.

The theoretical part of the course develops the following sections:

  • Introduction to 3D Documentation Methodologies, documentation based on passive and active methods.
  • Digitization and modeling applications in culture and the preservation of antiquities and works of art.
  • Applications in documentation, diagnostic examination, preservation and restoration of antiquities and works of art.

Within the course, laboratory exercises are performed to familiarize the students with applications:

  • Modeling based on active method of structured light.
  • Modeling based on photogrammetric method of structure from motion.


Course Aim and Objectives

Course aims

The course focuses on computer graphics applications and knowledge modeling in culture and especially in the preservation and restoration of antiquities and works of art. Such as: 3D acquisition – modeling systems, and multimedia 3D digital documentation systems.
Learning outcomes are expected to:

  • Understanding and deepening in topics of holistic approach of modeling multimodal knowledge.
  • Utilization of 3D models in diagnostic cases.
  • Extending the ability to implement digitization methods to the needs of the tangible / intangible cultural status of  items.


Learning outcomes:

Upon completion of the course students will be able to:

  • understand the interdisciplinary approach and the breadth of computer graphics technologies in the preservation of antiquities and works of art.
  • understand the context of reverse modeling and editing systems.
  • understand the basic principles governing the procedures of special photography and photo editing to create 3D digital surrogates.
  • understand the importance of color balance in image-based modelling and be familiar with the use of relevant programs.
  • have the ability to process digital 3D objects and be able to handle relevant post-processing software.


STUDENT ASSESSMENT Language of evaluation: Greek Students’ evaluation (100%): Written essay



P. Alliez, etal. (2017). Digital 3D Objects in Art and Humanities: challenges of creation, interoperability and preservation. White paper. Bordeaux, France. Arbace L., et al. (2013). Innovative uses of 3D digital technologies to assist the restoration of a fragmented terracotta statue. Journal of Cultural Heritage, Vol. 14, No. 4. Champion, E., Rahaman, H., (2019), ‘3D Digital Heritage Models as Sustainable Scholarly Resources.’ Sustainability, 11, no. 8: 2425. B. Chanda, S. Chaudhuri, S. Chaudhury (Eds.), (2018). Heritage Preservation. Singapore: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-7221-5_1. Historic England, (2017). Photogrammetric Applications for Cultural Heritage. Guidance forGood Practice. Swindon. Historic England. Historic England, (2018). 3D Laser Scanning for Heritage: Advice and Guidance on the Use of Laser Scanning in Archaeology and Architecture. Swindon. Historic England. Ioannides M., Fink E., Brumana R., PatiasP., DoulamisA., Martins J., Wallace M. (Eds.). (2018). Digital Heritage Progress in Cultural Heritage: Documentation, Preservation, and Protection. 7thInternational Conference, EuroMed 2018, Proceedings, Part I-II. Springer Nature Switzerland. H. Lewi; W. Smith; S. Cooke; D. vom Lehn(eds.) (2019). The Routledge international Handbook of New Digital Practices in Galleries, Libraries, Archives, Museums and Heritage Sites. London: Routledge. Makris, D., Fotiou, S., Vlachou, M. A., Skaltsas, I., Karampinis, L., (2018). ‘Digitization of Athens School of Fine Arts artworks based on optical 3-D Scanning and Photogrammetry’, 9th International Conference on Information, Intelligence, Systems and Applications (IISA 2018). Stanco F., Battiato S., Gallo G. (2011). Digital Imaging for Cultural Heritage Preservation: Analysis, Restoration, and Reconstruction of Ancient Artworks. LA, USA: CRCPress. – Συναφή επιστημονικά περιοδικά: -Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage (JOCCH) – Digital Applications in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage – International Journal on Digital Libraries